Following the triggering of Article 50 on Wednesday 29 March, Children in Scotland Chief Executive Jackie Brock warned that young people, the majority of whom voted to Remain, are most likely to feel the long-term effects of leaving the EU.
In her press statement Ms Brock urged the UK Government to keep children, young people and families at the heart of decision-making about our future relationship with the EU.
She also questioned Theresa May's assertion that leaving the EU represents "this generation's chance to shape a brighter future", given that 71% of 18-24 year-olds voted to Remain.
Ms Brock said:
"There is compelling evidence that withdrawal from the EU could have a punitive effect on children.
"EU funding has brought tangible benefits to EU children living in Scotland, and more widely across the UK.
"One example is the European Structural Funds programme, which saw an estimated £350 million being distributed across Scotland to strengthen 800 projects that improved employment and training opportunities for young people, and supported children and young people with mental health problems, children affected by substance abuse problems, and children involved in the juvenile justice system.
"Access to this type of funding, which directly benefits children, will be lost as a result of Brexit."